Embroidery stitches

iDevice ikoon The aims

Read about the stitches, make your own dictionary of unknown words and learn new vocabulary.

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iDevice ikoon Stitches


Back stitch is most often used to outline an area of a design.Backstitch or back stitch and its variants stem stitch, outline stitch and split stitch are a class of embroidery and sewing stitches in which individual stitches are made backward to the general direction of sewing. These stitches form lines and are most often used to outline shapes or to add fine detail to an embroidered picture.





To work a bullion knot, bring the needle up at one end of the stitch. Now take a stitch through the fabric the length of the finished bullion knot and wrap the thread around the needle as many times as required. Keeping the thread quite tight around the needle, gently pull the needle through the fabric. Complete the knot by taking the needle back at the end of the stitch.


ahelpiste, linnusilmapiste

To work chain stitch, bring the needle through the fabric at one end of the stitch. Insert the needle back into the fabric at the same place and bring the needle point back up at the opposite end of the stitch. Loop the thread around the needle and pull it through the fabric. Repeat the procedure to make a row of chain stitch. To finish a row or make a single chain stitch (lazy daisy stitch) take the needle back to the wrong side where it came through over the loop to secure it.




To work Romanian couching, a straight stitch is made across the ground material and the needle and thread re-emerge to stitch the long thread down on the return journey. The over-sewing stitches are long, and placed close to the main yarn.



Cross stitch is one of the oldest forms of embroidery and can be found all over the world. Traditionally it was used to embellish items like dishcloths, household linens, and doilies / a doily is an ornamental mat, originally the name of fabric made by Doiley/.





A knotted stitch is an embroidery technique in which the yarn or thread is kontted around itself. Common knotted stitch includes French knot.




The running stitch is the basic stitch in hand sewing and embroidery, on which all other forms of sewing are based. The stitch is worked by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. Running stitches may be of varying length, but typically more thread is visible on the top of sewing than on the underside.



Straight stitch is class of simple embroidery and sewing stitches in which individual stitches are made without crossing or looping the thread.




Herringbone or catch stitch is often used to work decorative borders and to accent the patchwork in crazy quilting





Fly stitch. This stitch can be used as individual stitches for accents and for loose filling. It can also be worked in horizontal or vertical rows, as an edging (in crazy quilting, sampers, and whatnot). Below, you can see an example of it used in a horizontal row.

fly stitch sample




Sterm stitch can be used to outline delicate lines and curves. The sterm stitch produces a line of more defined individual stitches. The sterm stitch can be whipped. Sterm stitch can also be used as a thick filler; can be added shading to filling by changing the shade of the thread.



Filling stitches

Hand embroidery often involves covering small and large areas with thread. There are several basic stitches commonly used to accomplish this. The most common filling stitches in general embroidery are probably satin stitch and long and short stitch.


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